THE Industrial Revolution would have been an unqualified success - if ordinary people hadn't got in the way. This section examines the effects that the great upheaval had on people's lives - from leisure to health.

Manchester was like a wild-west frontier town in the early days of the Revolution, and housing conditions were often revolting. Businessman Friedrich Engels spent his nights walking the slums, horrified by what he found and painstakingly chronicling the facts.

THE slums of Manchester and other Northern towns and cities were breeding grounds for cholera and other diseases. Illness

and early death were accepted as the norms until medical men like John Kay began to fight back.

With men and even children working 13 or 14 hours a day, there was no chance of recreation in the early days of the Industrial Revolution. It was not until the introduction of the 10-hour working day that sport, education and even holidays started to become available to the masses.

But for some, these were just dreams. When there was nothing else left, the poor finished up in the workhouse, without hope or even pride. The place so graphically described by Charles Dickens, was feared and hated. It was the last resort.

2017 | Admiral Nelson | Read about the Industrial Revolution